Socrates is considered to be among the most influential western philosophers although he never wrote a word himself, the many works of his student, plato, provides a window into socratic philosophy his major contribution to the study of philosophy was to redirect inquiries away from the natural sciences and toward the contemplation of systems. 1 why should philosophers rule: plato's republic and aristotle's protrepticus unless philosophers become kings in the cities or those whom we now call kings and rulers philosophize truly and adequately and there is a conjunction of. Marcus aurelius acquired the reputation of a philosopher king within his lifetime, and the title would remain his after death both dio and the biographer call him the philosopher christians such as justin martyr, athenagoras and melito gave him the title, too.
Philosopher kings are the rulers, or guardians, of plato's utopian kallipolis if his ideal city- state is to ever come into being, 'philosophers become kings or those now called kings . Socrates was a fraud pt 2: irony and humility - july 10, 2012 punishing the wealthy, punishing the healthy - june 30, 2012 socrates was a fraud: the emperor's new philosophy - june 25, 2012. Socrates' answer is known as the paradox of the philosopher king and is stated dramatically at 473d: the way to bring about a just state is to have it ruled by philosophers, or what is commonly called the philosopher-king.
Therefore, socrates claims that the only way to have a perfect state is if the state has a perfect leader, thus he introduces the concept of the philosopher-king plato identifies political justice as harmony in a structured political body. Socrates king, martin luther, jr yannis simonides performing excerpts from his one-man show, socrates now, based on the apology of plato, followed by a classics professor comparing socrates to martin luther king, jr, and nelson mandela. Hence, socrates introduces the philosopher-king in an attempt to add justice into the feverish city that glaucon has insisted he engender duncan adds, the guardians [in the second city] can rule over the political approximation of the just city but they cannot make it just. Plato is considered by many to be the most important philosopher who ever lived he is known as the father of idealism in philosophy his ideas were elitist, with the philosopher king the ideal ruler plato is perhaps best known to college students for his parable of a cave, which appears in plato's republic. Until philophers become the rulers or rulers learn philosophy, there is no end to the predicament of human life plato believed that philosophers are the man of reasonshe is the person in whom reason dominates over courage and appetite.
Socrates proceeds to outline the structure of the philosopher king's education so that they can reach an understanding of the forms (521d) those who eventually become philosopher kings will initially be educated like the other guardians in poetry, music, and physical education (521d-e. Plato indicates that the philosopher's association with the forms determines his virtue by associating with what is ordered and divine (ie, the forms), the philosopher himself becomes ordered and divine in his soul he patterns his soul after the form of the good plato also offers a more intuitive explanation for why the philosopher is virtuous. I believe plato's socrates provides one such criterion in the republic: that one ought to be a philosopher to govern in a literal sense, the ruler must be a lover of wisdom , which is the meaning of the greek word philosophia.
Socrates was killed, perhaps plato believes that the philosopher king needs to create this just city in order to create a sphere in which he can survive (in other words for the same reason as the tyrant. Socrates believed that true knowledge had to be sought and not taught to him, life was about internal examination and focus he eschewed the idea of focusing on the material socrates himself is a bit of mystery he never refers to himself as a philosopher in fact, most of what is known about him. 16 - method man: plato's socrates posted on 23 january 2011 in this episode, the second of three devoted to socrates, peter adamson of king's college london discusses the way he is portrayed in the early dialogues of plato, especially the apology.
Instead, a philosopher-king or guardian should hold the reigns of power an aristocracy if you will - an aristocracy of the very best - the best of the aristoi plato's republic also embodies one of the clearest expressions of his theory of knowledge. The republic quotes , plato, republic, socrates , socratic or till those we now call kings and rulers really and truly become philosophers, and political. Dr king makes mention of the philosopher socrates twice in his response letter to the published statement by eight clergymen in alabama the first time is when king tries to give insight as to why he was leading such a visual and openly non-violent demonstration as opposed to waiting passively for local negotiations and the judicial system to. The legendary athenian, socrates, was one such figure socrates ushered in an era of philosophical inquiry that still lingers to this day in book seven of plato's the republic, socrates outlines his perfect regime according to socrates, an enlightened philosopher-king must rule such a regime.