The case against animal experimentation^ an important part of the debate over animal rights centers on the question of the moral status of an animal most people agree that animals have at least some moral status - that is why it is wrong to abuse pets or needlessly hurt other animals. About how many animals are used for experiments each year in the us what category of argument is a case for affirmative action based on justice ethics final 2. Current ethical theories are flawed but such specious reasoning is often used to justify the equally brutal and inhumane breeding, confining, infecting, injuring, mutilating, maiming, blinding, torturing and killing. Perhaps kant's argument against animal cruelty can explain why experiments on the brain damaged are more suspect than experiments on animals if cruelty to animals has some tendency to foster cruelty to humans, then cruelty to the brain-damaged can be expected to have a greater tendency to foster cruelty to humans. The cost of animal testing is about $136 billion each year ethical dilemma : corporate assessment - p&g despite the fact that reliable modern humane tests are available in these days, procter and gamble insist on testing on animals claiming that this is the last resort that makes sure of their products' safety.
1 scientific men are under definite obligation to experiment upon animals so far as that is the alternative to random and possibly harmful experimentation upon human beings, and so far as such. The first is how the theory that underlies the case for animal rights shows that the animal rights movement is a part of, not antagonistic to, the human rights movement the theory that rationally grounds the rights of animals also grounds the rights of humans. Science-based medicine depends upon human experimentation scientists can do the most fantastic translational research in the world, starting with elegant hypotheses, tested through in vitro and biochemical experiments, after which they are tested in animals.
The assessment of these two propositions as valid premises for relevant arguments is a salient feature in the ethical discussion on the use of animals in experiments the relevance of ethics in the controversy about animal use is unquestionable. Tom regan (/ ˈ r eɪ ɡ ən / november 28, 1938 - february 17, 2017) was an american philosopher who specialized in animal rights theory he was professor emeritus of philosophy at north carolina state university, where he had taught from 1967 until his retirement in 2001. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that defends that we should act in ways that bring about as much happiness as possible in the world this theory defends the following three things: (1) what is good for individuals is that the amount of happiness (or satisfaction of desires) is as high as possible. Summary: animal rights is of course not the only philosophical basis for extending legal protections to animals another, competing, basis is based on the theory of utilitarianism - the outright rejection of rights for all species and instead advocacy for equal consideration.
Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that says an action is morally right if it benefits the greatest number of beings with the greatest good you determine what is right by calculating the amount of pleasure or suffering you think your actions may cause. Part of the problem, when invoking moral philosophy to solve the ethical problem of animal experimentation, is the tendency to try to resolve it using a single philosophical construct, be it utilitarianism, a rights‐based approach, or contractualism, or any other. Animal rights theory based on analysis of the legal status of other-than-human animals, current treatment of those animals, and careful consideration of kantian moral philosophy (fran. I will explore the cases for and against animal testing using utilitarian reasoning (including bentham and mill's disagreement, act and rule utilitarianism, and cost-benefit analysis) finally i will close with my own feelings on animal experimentation and my conclusions drawn from the analysis. Ethical theories, as well as to people who have not considered ethical issues raised by animal research in a systematic way, but who nevertheless hold strong views these processes of.
Case studies: animal experiments and public misconceptions there is a public misconception that animals used in experiments are protected through the presence of ethics committees, the prevention of cruelty to animals act and the code of practice. The case for animal experimentation: an evolutionary and ethical perspective (berkeley: the university of california press, 1986) frey, r g interests and rights: the case against animals (oxford: clarendon press, 1980. Experimentation because if a particular animal use would, for example, really lead directly to a cure for a disease that affected many humans, singer would be committed to approving that animal use.
Animal experiments and ethical arithmetic the consequentialist justification of animal experimentation can be demonstrated by comparing the moral consequences of doing or not doing an experiment. In addition, the non animal testing methods have proved to be relevant and viable for it encourages a realistic consideration of rather ethical and scientific issues involved in the replacement of animals in medical experiments for non animals.
Utilitarianism is a branch of consequentialism, which is a type of ethical theory that judges an act to be right or wrong on the basis of the act's consequences classical utilitarians hold that pleasure is the only intrinsic, thus the point of morality is to maximize net happiness for all sentient beings. The argument against this view is based on the issue that because nonhuman animals living in nature often harm each other, so enforcing one animal's rights would entail violating the rights of the other. The moral status of animals, webpage at ethics updates (larry hinman, university of san diego), now only available at the internet archive bentham, j, an introduction to the principles of morals and legislation , at the library of economics and liberty. Peter singer, who first articulated the ethical basis upon which much of the contemporary animal rights movement rests, prefers to avoid the use of the word rights altogether the language of rights is a convenient political shorthand singer wrote in his seminal book, animal liberation (singer, np.